Flea Control for Dogs


Fleas are the most common external parasite of pets in North America. Fleas are small wingless insects that use their specialized mouth to pierce the skin and siphon blood from their host. When a flea bites, it injects a small amount of saliva into the skin to prevent the blood from coagulating. Some animals become sensitized to flea saliva and animals that are allergic can have severe itching and scratching from a single bite. Flea allergy dermatitis is the most common disease among dogs.

Current flea control products are primarily either oral or topical systemic treatments. Most of the products may be used for prevention as well as to treat existing flea problems. One group of products control fleas by interrupting their development by killing or stopping the maturation of flea larvae and eggs. These drugs are called Insect Growth Regulators (IGRs). One common oral product used is lufenuron which is found in the Program® line of products which are administered orally in tablet or liquid form. Methoprene and pyriproxifen are also IGRs that are available as sprays or collars. The FDA shares regulation of these products with the Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Because even the same products from other countries have not been approved by these agencies, it is illegal to purchase or import these products for use in the United States.

Currently the most popular flea control products kill adult fleas (adulticide), are applied topically and work rapidly. Popular topical products utilize fipronil which is the key ingredient in Frontline® Top Spot and imidacloprid which is in Advantage®. The most popular product on the market, Frontline Plus®, utilizes both an adulticide and an IGR. An oral adulticide that is also available is nitenpyram which is in Capstar® and begins to kill fleas in 30 minutes. Frontline Plus also kills ticks which makes it the most popular product where ongoing tick protection is required.

Consult with your veterinarian to determine which flea and tick control products are best for you. The choice of flea control will depend on your climate, environment, your pet’s activities, and potential for exposure. However, with consistent use, it is almost always possible to control your flea problem. Using these products throughout the year typically will eliminate the need for regular insecticidal use. The following provide additional summary information on selected popular products.

Program from Novartis®

Program is available as a once a month pill or oral liquid suspension to be given with a full meal. Adult fleas that ingest Program’s key ingredient, lufenuron, produce sterile eggs. Program does not kill adult fleas so pets remain susceptible to fleas hatching and maturing pupa already present in the environment. Therefore, some time may pass before the all fleas are killed in an environment. In order to stop the life cycle, every animal in the environment must receive lufenuron. Pets should also be sprayed with an adulticide during the first week or two of starting Program.

Advantage from Bayer®

Advantage is applied topically on both dogs and cats and seems to be very well-tolerated by sensitive cats. Advantage kills fleas within 24 hours and 100% protection can be maintained for cats for 21 days and 90% protection can be maintained for dogs for 28 days. Advantage is susceptible to washing off so dogs that are active outdoors and dogs that swim or must be bathed frequently should be re-treated frequently. Up to weekly re-treatment is allowed. The imidacloprid in Advantage does not effect ticks, but K-9Advantix, with permethrin does. K9 Advantix is only labeled for once a month K9 Advantix is ONLY FOR USE WITH DOGS and MUST NOT BE ADMINISTERED TO CATS.

Frontline Spray, Frontline Plus And Frontline Top Spot from Merial®

Frontline Spray, Frontline Plus, and Frontline Top Spot comprise the market leading Frontline flea control product line. The fipronil in Frontline products is a broad spectrum insecticide available as a spray or topical. Fipronil works by binding chemically to the pet’s hair and is absorbed through the follicle by the sebaceous glands. As a spray, fipronil kills fleas at 95% for over 80 days after application on dogs and for 1 month with biweekly bathing. Frontline is labeled for puppies and kittens as young as 8 weeks (10 weeks for Top Spot) and it is not washed off by bathing. Frontline is also affective against ticks. Some cats may show minor adverse reactions with high volume use of the alcohol based spray product which should be applied no more than once a month. Frontline Plus also contains the IGR, S-methoprene which inhibits the growth of immature fleas.

Capstar from Novartis®

Capstar is an oral tablet for dogs and cats that may be administered as young as 4 weeks of age. It offers extremely rapid and complete killing of adult fleas and is safe enough that the tablets may be used whenever fleas are seen on your pet as often as once per day. Capstar may be used in combination with an IGR to kill fleas immediately to compliment the long-term control of an IGR such as Program.


Pet Safety During the Summer

Summer’s hot weather means that your family and your pets will probably be spending more time outdoors in the yard. The new season can also bring along dangers for our pets, here are some tips to help your family pets stay safe this summer.

Warm weather puts everyone in the mood to plant pretty flowers in the yard or garden. However, many species of plants and flowers are poisonous to pets. And plant pesticides can also be deadly for your pets. Also make sure to check the labels of gardening products you purchase for pet safety, or use organic pesticides and fertilizer in your garden.

Some of the more common flowers that are poisonous include: Amaryllis, Azalea, Chrysanthemums, Cyclamen, Daffodils, Easter cactus, Hyacinth, Lilies, Narcissus, Oleander, and Tulips. Even your pet birds can die from chewing on a Lilly.

Just like humans, pets can get allergies too so keep an eye out for itchy skin irritations, ear infections, loss of hair, or a runny nose and sneezing. Also pets with pink noses can be sensitive to the sun, requiring sun screen if they are outdoors for long periods of time. Make sure to check with your veterinarian.

If your pets live outside see to it that you turn the lights on for them at night. Older dogs and cats can begin to get blind so they need light, just like people, to see better in darkness.

Check to see if there are any buckets or toys, like wagons, that could collect water. Then remove all “standing water” and turn these items upside down. Make sure that you change the water often in all ponds or pools.

Holes in the yard should be filled. Check around your barbecue and make sure gasoline, kerosene, or propane is sealed in tamper proof containers away from fire area. Also, the last thing anyone wants is for a pet to escape through a hole in the fence, and get hit by a car – so check fences often to prevent this.

Family members should be prepared for emergencies so have your vet’s number handy for everyone to locate, including housekeepers and babysitters.


Dog Safe Halloween

How Much Fun Is Halloween For Your Dog?

Halloween! Yay!! How cute!! But not always happy for the dogs..

Kids and Halloween just go together, but not so much with our furry buddies. Dogs and stress go together like fire and water and I’m sure you don’t want your dog stressed this, or any other, holiday season.

According to the ASPCA, dogs are more likely to suffer from poisoning and burns on Halloween than any other time of the year!:( Of course, you don’t want your furkid harmed due to negligence or cruelty .. here are some tips to keep in mind this Halloween season:

  • Keep your dog inside and away from all the commotion on Halloween!
  • Any open door is a potential for escape. Keep tags and collar on your dog during the trick or treating time, especially. Keep a baby gate in front of your door so your fur baby can’t run off with the trick or treaters!
  • Keep all forms of candy, and their wrappers, out of your dog’s reach.
  • Candy, especially Chocolate, is toxic for dogs. They just can’t digest it, keep your dog’s own treats on hand if she/he is feeling left out.
  • Keep decorations away from puppies’ reach, particularly electrical cords. Take care with rubber bands in costumes and chewable pieces from toys and all those scrumptious smelling wrappers.
  • Be nice to black cats.
  • If a costume comes with a face mask, don’t use it. Dogs usually aren’t too happy with having one wrapped around their face, getting fur tangled in the rubber bands.

Have a fun filled, and safe, Halloween!



Pet Food and Veterinary Assistance

Need Help With Vet Bills or Pet Food? There ARE Resources Available! 

Because our pets are a life-long commitment, it’s not unheard of for a dog or cat mom or dad to face financial hardship at some point in the life of their fur-children.

We can all agree that before bringing an animal into your heart and home, it’s important to be prepared for the financial responsibilities – veterinary care, quality food and treats, preventative measures, etc. – that come along with pet parenthood. However, over the course of that 15-20+ year commitment, things happen. Jobs are lost, injuries or accidents make it impossible to work, economies take a hit.

Unfortunately, in many cases of financial hardship, it’s the family pet that suffers.

Follow the link below if you need help with pet food or vet costs, as there are always alternatives!



Dog Boarding In Home

In home dog boarding by a professional pet sitter!

When you hate to leave your dog just anyplace with unknown people, I can help you! I provide a unique alternative to traditional dog boarding in my own private home where your dog can live as he lives in yours. Or you prefer, I can come to you! I am bonded and insured offering you the peace of mind you need when you have to be away.

Your dog will feel safe, comfortable and loved with in home dog boarding. I treat your dog just like he’s a member of my family, eliminating your baby’s stress and anxiety! Your dog will have fun and have his own Holiday!

How it Works

Call or contact me and we’ll set up an initial consultation, a meet and greet, in my home, or yours, so we can all meet. If you decide we’re a good fit, we can then set up a reservation for you. If you live out of the area and you’re coming here for a visit,  contact me and we’ll see what we can work out.

I take special care in giving your dog the love, care and attention he, or she, is used to getting. Receiving lots of love, petting, playing, walking, a warm and comfortable place to sleep and the food your pet is accustomed to eating. I encourage you to bring your dog’s own bed if you want to, toys, favorite blankie, food bowls, and own food. Dogs always feel more comfortable surrounded by their own possessions just like people do!

If you want your dog crated for the night, for training and to keep to a routine, just bring it with you. I’ve had several clients bring crates and play pens and I’m more than happy to accommodate you.

Required shots for in home dog boarding

It’s required that all dogs be up to date on shots, with accompanying paperwork whether you come to my home or I come to yours.


How To Choose a Pet Sitter

Thinking of Hiring a Pet Sitter?

Choosing the right pet sitter for your pet is crucial to your pet’s well-being and safety. If hiring a pet sitter is something you’re thinking of, for now or in the future, here are some things to think about.

You are entrusting your fur baby to a pet sitter, whether your home or a pet sitter’s home – consider these when choosing this option over a kennel.

Find Your Perfect Pet Sitter

  • Qualifications and Training

During your Meet and Greet with your potential pet sitter, ask about past experience, what types of pets she’s cared for, and whether she’s completed any special training – such as Pet First Aid Training, and CPR. Additionally, if your pet has any special needs or behavior issues, the sitter must feel comfortable managing them while you’re gone.

  • Insurance and Bonding

Your pet sitter should be able to provide written proof of commercial liability insurance (in case of accidents) and, if the pet sitter is coming to you, should be bonded (to protect against theft). You shouldn’t hire a pet sitter into your home that isn’t Bonded and Insured. Not only does the insurance cover pet accidents it also covers property damage and lost keys and re-keying.

  • Communication

How will the pet sitter communicate with you while you’re away? Professional pet sitters will record daily notes about your pet’s activities, eating habits or mood. Others will send you digital photos or daily text messages to put your mind at ease.

  • Services and Fees

It’s important that you’re both on the same page about what’s expected, and the fees involved. How many visits will occur each day? At what times and for what duration. Will the sitter provide grooming or walking services? Will she clean up accidents, water plants or do any other vacation care responsibilities (like bringing out your garbage)? Will she bring your pet to a veterinarian in an emergency? Also, if you’re delayed can the sitter care for your pet until you’re able to get home?

  • References and Interactions

Your sitter should provide you with references if you ask for them. In addition, the sitter should interact with your pet prior to your trip.

  • Medical Release Form

In New York State, an attending veterinarian can’t treat a pet without their owners permission. A very important document that is often overlooked because people think, ..well what can happen? Dogs especially can be unpredictable in their reactions to the stimuli around them in a new environment, as well as other dogs they just don’t like for who knows what reason. A professional pet sitter will have you sign a medical release form in the event of an emergency so that your pet can get medical treatment if it’s necessary and you’re not present. Unless you have signed forms filed with your own vet, expect a professional pet sitter to ask you to sign a medical release form.


Why You Should Spay or Neuter Your Pets

To Spay and Neuter, or Not To?

Top 9 reasons to have your pet spayed or neutered:

  • Your female pet will live a longer life

Spaying a female cat or dog helps prevent pyometra (pus-filled uterus) and breast cancer. Treatment of pyometra requires hospitalization, intravenous fluids and antibiotics. Breast cancer can be fatal in about 50 percent of female dogs and in 90 percent of female cats. Spaying your pet before her first heat offers the best protection from these diseases.

  • Prevents cancer in your male pet

Besides preventing unwanted litters, neutering your male dog or cat – the surgical removal of the testicles – prevents testicular cancer, if done before six months of age.

  • The female spayed pet won’t go into heat

While cycles can vary greatly, female cats usually go into heat four to five days every three weeks during breeding season. In an effort to get mates, they’ll yowl and urinate more frequently – sometimes all over the house. Not to mention the actions they perform which can be quite upsetting and unsettling thing to see from your precious baby! Unspayed female dogs generally have a bloody discharge for about a week, and can conceive for another week or so.

  • Your male pet will stay home

An intact male in search of a mate will do just about anything to get one! That includes digging his way under the fence and making like Houdini to escape from the house. And once he’s free to roam, he risks injury in traffic and fights with other males.

  • Your male pet will be much better behaved

Neutered cats and dogs focus their attention on their human families. On the other hand, unneutered dogs and cats may mark their territory by spraying strong-smelling urine all over the house. Indoors, male dogs may embarrass you by mounting on furniture and human legs when stimulated. (He may do this anyway as you’re probably already aware!) And, a neutered dog protects his home and family just as well as unneutered dog – and many aggression issues can be avoided by early neutering.

  • Spaying and neutering doesn’t mean your pet will get fat!

Lack of exercise and overfeeding will cause your pet to pack on the extra pounds – not neutering. Your pet will remain fit and trim as long as you continue to provide exercise and monitor food intake.

  • Spaying and neutering stops costly accidents

The cost of your pet’s spay or neuter surgery is a lot less than the cost of having and caring for a litter. It also beats the cost of treatment when your unneutered male cat escapes and gets into fights with neighborhood strays…or the cost of cleaning the carpet or wood floors that your unspayed female is messing all over.

  • It cuts down on animal over-population

Millions of cats and dogs of all ages and breeds are euthanized annually or suffer as strays. These high numbers are the result of unwanted, unplanned litters that could have been prevented by spaying or neutering.

Contact an organization in your area for spay/neuter programs, or speak with your Veterinarian.

Oneida County: Stevens-Swan Humane Society offers rabies and spay/neuter programs for cats – Get More information

Mohawk Hudson Humane Society

Search for a Spay/Neuter Clinic near you – Search Now


Pet Sitting and Home Dog Boarding, What Are the Differences?

What is Pet Sitting and Home Dog Boarding? And, what is the difference?

You need to go out of town for your work or business, go on vacation, attend a wedding or go to your family reunion. One of your biggest concerns is: what to do with the dog the cat, and even the ferret. Who is going to feed your pet, and what about the litter box? Who is going to take the dog out to attend to business and get some exercise?

Will your dog really do better in a caged run next to other dogs? What about at night when no one is around? Does your dog suffer from separation anxiety? Is he fearful and socially unpredictable and better off at home?

Commercial boarding or pet sitting and home dog boarding – which is the least stressful for all concerned?

Home Dog Boarding

In the past, commercial boarding was the only solution for pet owners needing to leave their pets.  Fortunately for them, and us, cold concrete and steel runs with sterile steel cages in a rather depressing environment are no longer the standards.

Piper Makes Herself at Home!

Stress is the biggest problem with boarding pets in the traditional commercial kennel facility.

Pets, especially cats, are just uncomfortable outside of their normal environment.

And of course, there is always the risk of injury because of altercations with other boarders during their social play time. This risk is eliminated with home dog boarding at Pet Stay Today, home dog boarding as it should be – for one household at a time.

The personal attention home dog boarding provides to your pet reduces your pets’ stress in a new environment with new human companions!

I provide a fun and friendly environment for your dog with the personal care and attention that a commercial dog kennel isn’t able to provide. I ask you to bring their own food, toys, water bowls and any other comfort items (favorite blankies, toys) they have. This is because most dogs feel separation anxiety the first night and these things help them stay rest assured they’re safe. If you need your dog crated to keep within a training routine, just bring it with you!

At 11 years old, Corona needs exercise and play time more than ever!

Your dog is given the same amount of love and care as I do for my own. In home dog boarding provides a normal, natural environment with lots of love.

We have a fenced, spacious backyard but your dog is not left unattended and is always accompanied by me to play, exercise and attend to needs. They have free run of the house and yard and make themselves quite comfortable!

Now, as a side note, if your pet is seriously ill or has a life threatening degenerative condition, I think a veterinary boarding facility would be best for your pet to have access to sudden possible emergency veterinary care.

Pet Sitting and Drop In Visits

Pet Stay Today offers two types of pet sitting:

  1. I come to your home at specified times to feed, allow bodily elimination, and exercise and play with your pet. I also water the plants, bring in the mail and packages, rotate curtains/lights, and take out the garbage.
  2. I come to your home when your pet absolutely cannot leave the home and needs overnight companionship.

Having a pet sitter come and go also has the unexpected added advantage of protecting your home! Mail and newspaper collections eliminate away-from-home signals to potential thieves. A pet sitter creates near normal household activity that discourages possible robberies!

So, Which is Better – Commercial Boarding or Pet Sitting and Home Dog Boarding?

To me the obvious choice is pet sitting and home dog boarding! It is as close to a normal environment for the pets as possible, eliminates a great deal of stress for your pet and you, and is also great insurance against crime. It is my personal choice for my own dog.

Pet Stay Today is a Proud Member NAPPS

Pet Parents can get valuable information and resources from NAPPS, too! Click here for the -> NAPPS website and choose the heading “Pet Parents”.

Professional Pet Sitting Service and Home Dog Boarding in Whitesboro, NY for:

Dogs – Home Dog Boarding and Pet Sitting
Cats – Pet Sitting
Ferrets and Other Small Fuzzies- Pet Sitting


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